Luleå has several hiking trails, each with their own history, each showcasing distinctive parts of Luleå’s natural environment. Near central Luleå, where you can easily take a bus or cycle, there are several good trails offering nature experiences well worth a hike.
For suggested routes for hiking around Luleå and in the archipelago, read our guide: Forest and archipelago hiking
Luleå Lokaltrafik, LLT, will take you around the city. An LLT infopoint can be found on Smedjegatan 13, in the city centre. Download their app and you can easily plan your journey. www.llt.lulea.se
Länstrafiken operate bus lines all over Norrbotten County. Buses are available to Alvik, Ersnäs and Bälinge.
Archipelago tour boats. In summer and autumn, tour boats will take you to the largest and most popular islands in the Luleå archipelago: Sandön, Hindersön, Junkön, Kluntarna and Brändöskär. This way you will also reach the Luleå Council cottages, Jopikgården on Hindersön and Klubbviken on Sandön. The tour boats depart from Luleå’s South Harbour. Schedule and more information available online: www.lulea.se
The right of public access
Do not disturb, do not damage. In Sweden, we are allowed to move freely in our natural environments. We are allowed to pick flowers, berries, and mushrooms. We are allowed to bathe, pitch tents, hike, cycle, travel by boat, set up campfires and do all other things that are part of outdoor living. The right of public access (Allemansrätten) is a privilege and a freedom that relies upon us being careful and treating our natural surroundings with respect. Causing harm to animals, plants or the environment is prohibited and we must treat landowners and other people who are enjoying our great outdoors with respect.
Special restrictions. Naturally, you may not pick protected plant species. Nature reserves and national parks often have special restrictions which limit the right of public access. There may also be regulations governing, for instance speed limits, water skiing and leashing of dogs. Motorised vehicles may not be used on bare ground, off-road.
Bird protection areas. In the archipelago there are bird protection areas where disembarkation is prohibited during part of the year, normally between May 1 and August 1.
Fishing .The sea is open to fishing but there are rules on how, when and what you are allowed to fish. Lakes and rivers require fishing licenses.
Read more: The Norrbotten County Administrative Board (Länsstyrelsen) has more information on nature reserves: www.lansstyrelsen.se
More information about the right of public access can be found on the website of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Naturvårdsverket)www.naturvardsverket.se
About fishing in Luleå Municipality: www.lulea.se
Traces in the environment
Remains of net drying racks. Net drying racks, poles where fishing nets used to be hung to dry. Old nets were made of linen and had to dry daily to prevent rotting. Remains of net drying racks are considered listed monuments and must not be damaged.
Shingle fields. Former beaches where polished, rounded rocks have been flooded by the sea, removing all soil and humus. Due to land uplift they are now found far away from the coast, some even on mountainsides.
Labyrinths. Rock labyrinths are common throughout the Bothnian archipelago. They are often found on shingle slopes and thus well preserved. You can’t get lost in these labyrinths. There’s only one way, winding lap after lap until you reach the centre and then go back out the same way. The people living here used to walk the labyrinths to enhance fishing luck and favourable winds. Sometimes children were assigned the task of walking the labyrinths whilst the men prepared the nets for fishing. There are more than 300 labyrinths in Sweden. A third of these are found in the Bothnian archipelago and they are particularly common in the Haparanda archipelago. Many were built in the 18th and 19th centuries but the oldest are from the 14th century. Labyrinths are considered listed monuments and must not be damaged.
Land uplift. The land keeps rising by about 9 mm per year and there are traces of the last inland ice sheet everywhere. Rock faces on islands and mountain peaks were polished by the ice. The ground is often covered in moraine, left behind by the ice. Sometimes, the moraine is shaped in elongated hills following the direction of the receding ice, so called dumlines. Sometimes these were shaped on the edge of the ice and those are called terminal moraines. Ridges, deltas and clay soils were also created by the ice.
Foundation remains. Foundation stones in the ground, remains of a simple, ancient dwelling, probably a temporary one.
Clothing and equipment
Good shoes are important, they must be sturdy and waterproof. All our trails may contain wet sections. Other than that, dress according to the weather. Bring additional clothing to wear during breaks. A map and binoculars improve the experience but are not necessary.
Drinking water is a must.
Food tastes even better outside and is a welcome addition to any hike. Pack something ready to eat or use the campfire sites to cook. There is often firewood on location but not always. Most petrol stations sell firewood.
A bite to eat along the way
Kafé fägnan, gammelstads kyrkstad: At the Hägnan outdoor museum, a log farmhouse from the 18th century, you will find homemade pastries, tasty salads and sweet or savoury waffles.
Bälinge: The Bälinge farm is an organic farm with a café and their own farm shop, specialising in local, environmentally friendly items. You can meet the animals on the farm and old country breeds such as Lapland Goats, Linderöd Pigs, Nordland Horses, Hälsinge Sheep and Bjurholm Chickens.
Råneå: The summer café at the Rånea Boating Association’s cottage, Kängsö Harbour. In town, you will find a grocery store, a petrol station and restaurants.
Porsön: Luleå’s award winning science centre, Teknikens Hus, also has a restaurant and a café. On campus you will also find Unik Café, serving lunches, smoothies, sunday brunches and more.
Ersnäs: In the heart of the village lies Ralph Lundstengården, a manor dating back to the 16th century, currently housing a restaurant as well as banquet and conferencing facilities
Rent a cottage in the archipelago
On Småskär and Kluntarna you will find nice, simple and functional cottages for hire. Book online: www.lulea.se. On Sandön you will find the Klubbviken sea bath, also offering cottages to rent.
Kluntarna: Two four-bed cottages and one ten-bed cottage. Here you will also find two saunas and Naturum, a nature infopoint. The cottages have LP gas stoves, wood burning stoves and outhouses. During the high season, cottage hosts are on site. During that time, drinking water is provided. At other times, bring your own water.
Småskär: The Bullerhamnen harbour has two rental cottages with four beds each as well as a sauna with a relaxation area. The cottages have LP gas stoves, wood burning stoves and outhouses.
Klubbviken: Luleå’s sea bath is found on Sandön near the city. Here you will find five well-equipped five-bed cottages as well as 13 simple cabins near the fairway, accommodating 2 people each. www.klubbviken.se
Explore Luleå Tel: 073-767 90 45 www.explorelulea.com
Luleå Guided Tours www.laplandtours.se
Lapland Archipelago Tel: 070-525 03 05 www.laplandarchipelago.com
You will find recommendations for the most popular and accessible trails and how to reach them in our hiking guide below. If you are seeking more in-depth information on hiking, we recommend that you contact the Luleå Tourist Centre, in Kulturens Hus in Luleå.
Luleå tourist center
Kulturens Hus Tel: 0920-45 70 00 firstname.lastname@example.org
Gammelstad´s visitor centre
Kyrktorget 1 Tel: 0920-45 70 10 www.lulea.se/gammelstad
For suggested routes for hiking around Luleå and in the archipelago, download the guide in pdf-format:
Forest and archipelago hiking >> (ENG).
Or order a printed copy från Luleå Turistcenter.