Do not disturb, do not damage
In Sweden, we are allowed to move freely in our natural environments. We are allowed to pick flowers, berries, and mushrooms. We are allowed to bathe, pitch tents, hike, cycle, travel by boat, set up campfires and do all other things that are part of outdoor living. The right of public access (Allemansrätten) is a privilege and a freedom that relies upon us being careful and treating our natural surroundings with respect. Causing harm to animals, plants or the environment is prohibited and we must treat landowners and other people who are enjoying our great outdoors with respect.
Naturally, you may not pick protected plant species. Nature reserves and national parks often have special restrictions which limit the right of public access. There may also be regulations governing, for instance speed limits, water skiing and leashing of dogs. Motorised vehicles may not be used on bare ground, off-road.
Bird protection areas
In the archipelago there are bird protection areas where disembarkation is prohibited during part of the year, normally between May 1 and August 1.
The sea is open to fishing but there are rules on how, when and what you are allowed to fish. Lakes and rivers require fishing licenses.
The elk hunting season in Luleå municipality is September 1 – January 31. The right of public access applies – everyone is allowed to visit the forest. Sometimes the hunting teams put up signs to inform that hunting is going on – elks may come rushing, shots are fired and dogs bark. As always, it is important to show consideration, do not disturb dogs or game.